Water is essential to humans.
It allows our body to work normally, but it can also make us susceptible to diseases once, it got polluted and intoxicated. Another general knowledge is water makes up seventy percent (70%) of the world’s area. It is so abundant that it has several kinds. However, most people are not aware of these kinds. So, let us briefly discuss the two of these various types – the soft and hard water.
Hard water, also known as complex water, contains substantial amounts of dissolved minerals like calcium and magnesium. The component minerals determine the water’s saturation, audibility, taste, and texture. Natural waters or raw waters are normally hard water.
On the other hand, soft water is the simplest, purest and safest form. This kind of water has only one positively charged ion, or sodium, in it.
Processes like boiling, adding the necessary amount of lime, or ion exchange by resins transform water from its hard form to soft.
Differences Soft water is beneficial to the human body. It is more ideal with human skin and hair. Its simple composition gives us soft and smooth skin all over.
Hard water is the complete opposite. It dries the skin and hair ripping nutrients off from them. It can be harmful to the human body too, depending on the amount of minerals it posses. A thorough analysis on its composition is required before a human can consume hard water.
Furthermore, hard water does not go well with soap and other detergents. It is really hard to use in washing clothes because the organic acid from the soap and detergents reacts with the minerals in it. On the contrary, soft water works well with this acid and easily creates foams for a better cleaning process.
The good news is, hard water can be transformed into soft water with various processes. The usual processes are treating it with lime or passing it through a water softener.